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FAMP – FreeBSD, Apache, Mysql, and PHP

Here is a quick overview to properly do a FAMP install on FreeBSD 11.

I will be using the pkg system for this install, but first lets understand a little bit about pkg. For years, FreeBSD used the ports repository – a file tree that contained Makefiles and all the necessary info needed to build any software package from source. In recent years, FreeBSD has put more emphasize on precompiled packages, the pkg utility does just this, it downloads the latest version of the precompiled package and installs it. The syntax is simple:

# pkg install package_name

You can search by using the command:

# pkg search name

For example, “pkg search apache”, will return this list:

apache-ant-1.10.3 Java- and XML-based build tool, conceptually similar to make
apache-forrest-0.9 Tool for rapid development of small sites
apache-mode.el-2.0_1 Emacs major mode for editing Apache configuration files
apache-openoffice-4.1.5_6 Integrated wordprocessor/dbase/spreadsheet/drawing/chart/browser
apache-openoffice-devel-4.2.1833124,4 Integrated wordprocessor/dbase/spreadsheet/drawing/chart/browser (developer version)
apache-poi-3.15 Java API To Access Microsoft Format Files
apache-rat-0.12 Release audit tool
apache-solr-7.1.0 High performance search server built using Lucene Java
apache-solr3-3.6.2 High performance search server built using Lucene Java
apache-spark-2.1.1_1 Fast big data processing engine
apache-xml-security-c-1.7.3_1 Apache XML security libraries - C++ version
apache24-2.4.34 Version 2.4.x of Apache web server
apachetop-0.12.6_5 Apache realtime log stats
p5-Apache-ASP-2.63 Active Server Pages for Apache
p5-Apache-Admin-Config-0.95_1 Perl module to manipulate Apache configuration files
p5-Apache-AuthCookie-3.27 Perl module to provide custom forms for reauthentication

and so on…

When doing a pkg install, you only need the name portion not the full name with version number. So lets begin with our FAMP tutorial.

Step 1 – Install Apache

# pkg install apache24

Once this is completed, you need to add apache24_enable=”YES” to the /etc/rc.conf file. This can be done manually, or with the command:

# sysrc apache24_enable="YES"

Lastly, start apache with either “/usr/local/etc/rc.d/apache24 start” or “service apache24 start”

Step 2 – Install PHP

Which version? You’ll notice that “pkg search php” returns a few different options. For core PHP, your options are:

php56-5.6.36_1
php70-7.0.31
php71-7.1.20
php72-7.2.8

Lets assume you want the latest 7.2 stable, here is the install command, note in addition to PHP core I am going to install a few other popular PHP add-ons. These add-ons were in the output of “pkg search php72”.

# pkg install php72 php72-gd mod_php72 php72-mysqli php72-zlib

NOTE: If you wanted an older version, say 5.6, you would have used the command:

# pkg install php56 php56-gd mod_php56 php56-mysqli php56-zlib

Once PHP is installed, add the following to /usr/local/etc/apache/Includes/php.conf:

<IfModule dir_module>
    DirectoryIndex index.php index.html
    <FilesMatch "\.php$">
        SetHandler application/x-httpd-php
    </FilesMatch>
    <FilesMatch "\.phps$">
        SetHandler application/x-httpd-php-source
    </FilesMatch>
</IfModule>

Its also important to install the proper php.ini file. The distribution comes with a sample production and development .ini file, choose the one thats appropriate and move it into position as follows:

# cp /usr/local/etc/php.ini-production /usr/local/etc/php.ini

Now lets test everything before we continue:

# echo '<?php phpinfo(); ?>' > /usr/local/www/apache24/data/phpinfo.php
# service apache24 restart

Visit your server via http://IP-ADDRESS/phpinfo.php and you should see something like this:

Step 3 – Install Mysql

Just as we have done before, we do a “pkg search mysql” and find several versions:

mysql55-client-5.5.60
mysql55-server-5.5.60
mysql56-client-5.6.40
mysql56-server-5.6.40
mysql57-client-5.7.22_1
mysql57-server-5.7.22_2
mysql80-client-8.0.11_1
mysql80-server-8.0.11_1

Lets go with version 5.7, so to install we do:

# pkg install mysql57-client mysql57-server

Next, we add the startup syntax to /etc/rc.conf and startup Mysql:

# sysrc mysql_enable="YES"
# service mysql-server start

Now that MySQL us running, we execute the following script:

# mysql_secure_installation

This script allows you to setup the initial root user password for access to mysql via the command line.